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sri lanka cristiani

pubblicato il 29 Dicembre 2020 | Uncategorized
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[329] It was followed by a series of popular dramas like Sinhabāhu, Pabāvatī, Mahāsāra, Muudu Puththu and Subha saha Yasa. [145] Overall, between 60,000 and 100,000 people were killed during the 26 years of conflict.[146][147]. The districts are further subdivided into 256 divisional secretariats, and these to approximately 14,008 Grama Niladhari divisions. Sri Lanka, island country lying in the Indian Ocean and separated from peninsular India by the Palk Strait. [267] Christianity reached the country through Western colonists in the early 16th century. [349] In 1973, Muhammad Lafir won the World Billiards Championship, the highest feat by a Sri Lankan in a Cue sport. [237] In recent years, freedom of the press in Sri Lanka has been alleged by media freedom groups to be amongst the poorest in democratic countries. [45][46] This cultural complex spread from southern India along with Dravidian clans such as the Velir, prior to the migration of Prakrit speakers. 33 species are accepted by some ornithologists as endemic while some ornithologists consider only 27 are endemic and the remaining six are considered as proposed endemics. [193], G. G. Ponnambalam, the Tamil nationalist counterpart of S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike,[194] founded the All Ceylon Tamil Congress (ACTC) in 1944. [98] The new king was crowned Sri Vijaya Rajasinha later that year. Perché lo Sri Lanka ha chiuso i social dopo gli attacchi di domenica I cristiani perseguitati e qualche domanda sulle religioni della libertà [Articolo aggiornato alle ore 11 del 22 aprile 2019] [229] Paramilitary units include the Special Task Force, the Civil Security Force, and the Sri Lanka Coast Guard. The Sigiriya rock fortress is surrounded by an extensive network of ramparts and moats. [322] Traditional music instruments such as Béra, Thammátama, Daŭla and Răbān were performed at these dramas. Hinduism was the dominant religion in Sri Lanka before the arrival of Buddhism in the 3rd century BCE. [49] It is said that Kubera was overthrown by his demon stepbrother Ravana, the powerful emperor who built a mythical flying machine named Dandu Monara. [292] C and D grade roads are provincial roads coming under the purview of the Provincial Road Development Authority of the respective province. [256] The constitution defines English as the link language. Sri Lanka is a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). Colonial plantations were dismantled, industries were nationalised, and a welfare state established. Secondo gli ultimi dati della World Watch List sono 4.136 i cristiani uccisi per la loro fede nel 2018 [190], The UNP, established by D. S. Senanayake in 1946, was until recently the largest single political party. Later, on 7 September 1978, it was changed to the "Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka". Tamils celebrate Thai Pongal and Maha Shivaratri, and Muslims celebrate Hajj and Ramadan. [266] Most followers today are believed to be descendants of those Arab traders and the local women they married. The highest is Bambarakanda Falls, with a height of 263 metres (863 ft). Sri Lanka Tourism Operational Guidelines with Health Protocols, Sri Lanka Institute of Tourism & [350] Sri Lanka has also won the Carrom World Championship titles twice in 2012, 2016[351] and 2018, men's team becoming champions and women's team won second place. Department of Wildlife Conservation administrates 61 wildlife sanctuaries, 22 national parks, four nature reserves, three strict nature reserves, and one jungle corridor while Department of Forest Conservation oversees 65 conservation forests and one national heritage wilderness area. The Wilpattu National Park in the northwest, the largest national park, preserves the habitats of many water birds such as storks, pelicans, ibis, and spoonbills. Read More, Full moon Poya days and other religious festivals make the majority of the holidays in Sri Lanka. : C.W.W. [119], S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike was elected prime minister in 1956. Buddhism was introduced into Sri Lanka by Mahinda, the son of the Emperor Ashoka, during the reign of King Devanampiya Tissa. [101], By then the entire coastal area was under the British East India Company as a result of the Treaty of Amiens. Each district is administered under a district secretariat. As of July 2011, the number of registered political parties in the country is 67. [230][231], Since independence in 1948, the primary focus of the armed forces has been internal security, crushing three major insurgencies, two by Marxist militants of the JVP and a 26-year-long conflict with the LTTE. Hotel Management, Sri Lanka Association of Inbound Tour Operators. In addition to these economic sectors, overseas employment, especially in the Middle East, contributes substantially in foreign exchange. [235] The development of modern ports under British rule raised the strategic importance of the island as a centre of trade. [226], The Sri Lanka Armed Forces, comprising the Sri Lanka Army, the Sri Lanka Navy, and the Sri Lanka Air Force, come under the purview of the Ministry of Defence. [95] The following Dutch–Portuguese War resulted in a Dutch victory, with Colombo falling into Dutch hands by 1656. [66] Sri Lankan monarchs undertook some remarkable construction projects such as Sigiriya, the so-called "Fortress in the Sky", built during the reign of Kashyapa I of Anuradhapura, who ruled between 477 and 495. [309][310], In 2012, the UK charity Freedom from Torture reported that it had received 233 referrals of torture survivors from Sri Lanka for clinical treatment or other services provided by the charity. [32][33] Ceilão, the name given to Sri Lanka by the Portuguese Empire when it arrived in 1505,[34] was transliterated into English as Ceylon. Lo Sri Lanka si trova al posto numero 46, su 50, nella classifica World Watch List 2019 sui cristiani perseguitati nel mondo. [171] Sri Lanka supports a rich avifauna of that stands at 453 species and this include 240 species of birds that are known to bread in the country. The road network consists of 35 A-Grade highways and two controlled-access highways (E01 and E03). Christianity is a minority religion in Sri Lanka. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, India intervened in the Sri Lankan Civil War, report by an advisory panel to the UN secretary-general, https://www.lawnet.gov.lk/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/018-SLLR-SLLR-2007-V-1-ASHIK-v.-BANDULA-AND-OTHERSNoise-Pollution-Case.pdf, "Hon. 359 morti 21/04/2019 Attentati contro tre chiese e tre hotel. The Dutch remained in the areas they had captured, thereby violating the treaty they had signed in 1638. The wet zone is a tropical evergreen forest with tall trees, broad foliage, and a dense undergrowth of vines and creepers. ", "Education: Traditional and Colonial Systems", "Facing Global and Local Challenges: The New Dynamics for Higher Education – Sri Lanka Country Report", Sri Lanka: Transport At a Glance – Core Road Performance Indicators, "Radio Ceylon/Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation: The history of broadcasting in Sri Lanka", "Sri Lanka Press, Media, TV, Radio, Newspapers", "Media under fire: Press freedom lockdown in Sri Lanka", "Amnesty International – Sri Lanka Human Rights Reports", "Sri Lanka: Country Report on Human Rights Practices", "The British duplicity in protecting human rights in Sri Lanka", "Report of the Secretary – General's Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri Lanka", "L'ONU a caché l'ampleur des massacres au Sri Lanka", "Report of the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances", "Murky business: People are disappearing – and the government has been accused", "UN Human Rights Commissioner: 'democracy has been undermined' in Sri Lanka", "BBC News – UN's Navi Pillay attacks Sri Lanka human rights record", "Dr. Lester James Peiris, Father of Sri Lankan Cinema, celebrates 90th Birthday", "History of painting and sculpture in Sri Lanka", "The Sinhala Theatre of Sri Lanka: A Form of Political Discourse", "A survey of Sinhalese poetry from ancient times to the modern period", "Challenge to Buddha Jayanthi Stamp Selection Board", "Martin Wickramasinghe: An icon of world intellectual heritage", "Can Sri Lanka form an invincible cricket team? [43], During the protohistoric period (1000-500 BCE) Sri Lanka was culturally united with southern India[44], and shared the same megalithic burials, pottery, iron technology, farming techniques and megalithic graffiti. Mike, profeta e martire dello Sri Lanka di Melani Manel Perera A 33 anni dall’uccisione, gruppi cristiani si sono ritrovati in videoconferenza per ricordare il sacerdote. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}7°N 81°E / 7°N 81°E / 7; 81. An LTTE attack on 13 soldiers resulted in the anti-Tamil race riots in July 1983, allegedly backed by Sinhalese hard-line ministers, which resulted in more than 150,000 Tamil civilians fleeing the island, seeking asylum in other countries. Read More, You can participate to Sri Lanka's cultural festivals and events, and it gives you to chance experience in unique cultural rituals.Read More, within this you can easily find out proper tour itineraries to explore the Sri Lanka.Read More, Blue whales are the biggest animal live on the earth and Mirissa is the one of most suitable spot to watch blue whales and other whales too. [108] New leaders represented the various ethnic groups of the population in the Ceylon Legislative Council on a communal basis. [272], Sri Lankans have a life expectancy of 77.9 years at birth, which is 10% higher than the world average. [24], Sri Lanka is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities. [86][87][88][89] Zheng He erected the Galle Trilingual Inscription, a stone tablet at Galle written in three languages (Chinese, Tamil, and Persian), to commemorate his visit. According to Christian traditions, the apostle Thomas preached the Gospel in Sri Lanka. [347] The country co-hosted the Cricket World Cup in 1996 and 2011, and hosted the 2012 ICC World Twenty20. I cristiani dello Sri-Lanka raggiungono l’8% della popolazione e appartengono a diverse etnie dell’ isola; in primis i burgher, di discendenza europea che per la quasi totalità seguono la religione protestante e presbiteriana. Ratnayake? Pillay spoke about the military's increasing involvement in civilian life and reports of military land grabbing. Sri Lanka has won the Asia Cup in 1986,[342] 1997,[343] 2004,[344] 2008[345] and 2014. divisions" after the divisional revenue officer. [144] From 1985 to 2006, the Sri Lankan government and Tamil insurgents held four rounds of peace talks without success. [308], UN Human Rights Commissioner Navanethem Pillay visited Sri Lanka in May 2013. In addition, Sri Lanka became the runners-up of the Cricket World Cup in 2007[338] and 2011,[339] and of the ICC World Twenty20 in 2009 and 2012. [25], In antiquity, Sri Lanka was known to travellers by a variety of names. Soon, coffee became the primary commodity export of Sri Lanka. [161], The climate is tropical and warm, because of moderating effects of ocean winds. [143] In 2002, the Sri Lankan government and LTTE signed a Norwegian-mediated ceasefire agreement. [316] Jackfruit may sometimes replace rice. [332], While the national sport is volleyball, by far the most popular sport in the country is cricket. L’ecatombe che ha colpito la comunità cristiana cingalese, minoritaria rispetto a quella islamica e buddista, in Sri Lanka sembra quasi che divida in due livelli di Cristiani. Dutugamunu, the eldest son of the southern regional sub-king, Kavan Tissa, defeated Elara in the Battle of Vijithapura. The two countries signed an important Rice-Rubber Pact in 1952. [280] An education system which dictates 9 years of compulsory schooling for every child is in place. Shortly afterward, Cuba's revolutionary Che Guevara paid a visit to Sri Lanka. The Tamil term Eelam (Tamil: ஈழம், romanized: īḻam) was used to designate the whole island in Sangam literature. Read More, In Sri Lanka, you can get experience in water base, air base, earth base and many kinds of activities. Sri Lanka Tourism makes no representations whatsoever about any other websites which you may access through this website. Among the Paleolithic human settlements discovered in Sri Lanka, Pahiyangala (named after the Chinese traveller monk Faxian), which dates back to 37,000 BP,[40] Batadombalena (28,500 BP)[41] and Belilena (12,000 BP) are the most important. Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena elected as the New Speaker", "Census of Population and Housing 2011 Enumeration Stage February–March 2012", "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019", "Carnegie Mellon University Pronouncing Dictionary", "Pearl of the Indian Ocean | An Overview of Sri Lanka", "Religions – Buddhism: Theravada Buddhism", "Sri Lankan Role in the Maritime Silk Route", Reuters Sri Lanka wins civil war, says kills rebel leader, "Sri Lanka's Constitution of 1978 with Amendments through 2015", "In Search of Taprobane: the Western discovery and mapping of Ceylon", "Serendipity – definition of serendipity by The Free Dictionary", "Etymologies of Lanka, Serendib, Taprobane and Ceylon", "The Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka", "Chapter I – The People, The State And Sovereignty", "Pre and Protohistoric settlement in Sri Lanka", "Reading the past in a more inclusive way – Interview with Dr. Sudharshan Seneviratne", http://dlib.pdn.ac.lk/handle/123456789/2078, "Ravana – historical or mythical figure? You can feel this different in a one day. [55], The Anuradhapura period (377 BCE – 1017 CE) began with the establishment of the Anuradhapura Kingdom in 380 BCE during the reign of Pandukabhaya. However, this demand was not met by the Soulbury reforms of 1944–45. Initially, all television stations were state-controlled, but private television networks began broadcasting in 1992. Center of the country weather are balmy and other sides being hot. [154] These waterways give rise to 51 natural waterfalls of 10 metres (33 ft) or more. ", "Early Man and the Rise of Civilisation in Sri Lanka: the Archaeological Evidence", "Ancient graves during pre-Wijeya era found", "Vijaya (Singha) and the Lankan Monarchs – Family #3000", "Waterworld: Ancient Sinhalese Irrigation", "King Devanampiya Tissa (306 BC – 266 BC)", "Historical trees: Overlooked aspect of heritage that needs a revival of interest", "Distortion of history for political purposes", "The trilingual inscription of Admiral Zheng He", "The first British occupation and the definitive Dutch surrender", "History of Sri Lanka and significant World events from 1796 AD to 1948", "Gongale Goda Banda (1809–1849) : The leader of the 1848 rebellion", "Cutting edge of Hindu revivalism in Jaffna", "Chronology of events related to Tamils in Sri Lanka (1500–1948)", "Sri Lanka: The untold story – Assassination of Bandaranaike", "Affirmative Action Policies: The Sri Lankan Experience", "The Exclusive Right to Write Eelam History", "International and Regional Implications of the Sri Lankan Tamil Insurgency", "Remembering Sri Lanka's Black July – BBC News", "The Black July 1983 that Created a Collective Trauma", "Uppermost in our minds was to save the Gandhis' name", "For firmer and finer International Relations", "Chapter 30: Whirlpool of violence, Sri Lanka: The Untold Story", "1990, The War Year if Ethnic Cleansing Of The Muslims From North and the East of Sri Lanka", "Sri Lanka declares end to war with Tamil Tigers", "Up to 100,000 killed in Sri Lanka's civil war: UN", "The January 26, 2001 Bhuj Earthquake and the Diffuse Western Boundary of the Indian Plate", "Geographic Coordinates for Sri Lanka Towns and Villages", "5 Coral Reefs of Sri Lanka: Current Status And Resource Management", "Information Brief on Mangroves in Sri Lanka", International Union for Conservation of Nature, "Availability of sizeable deposits of thorium in Sri Lanka", "Three Dimensional Seismic Survey for Oil Exploration in Block SL-2007-01-001 in Gulf of Mannar–Sri Lanka", Integrating urban agriculture and forestry into climate change action plans: Lessons from Sri Lanka, "Sri Lanka Survey Finds More Elephants Than Expected", "A brief overview of the Western Ghats--Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot", "An interview with Dr. Ranil Senanayake, chairman of Rainforest Rescue International", "Wildlife Viewing Preferences of Visitors to Sri Lanka's National Parks: Implications for Visitor Management and Sustainable Tourism Planning", "Forests, Grasslands, and Drylands – Sri Lanka", "Multi-Decadal Forest-Cover Dynamics in the Tropical Realm: Past Trends and Policy Insights for Forest Conservation in Dry Zone of Sri Lanka", "Chapter 1 – The People, The State and Sovereignty", "The Constitution of Sri Lanka – Contents", United Nations Public Administration Network, "Sri Lanka Society & Culture: Customs, Rituals & Traditions", "Charting a new course for Sri Lanka's success", "Sri Lanka Tamil National Alliance denies having talks with Buddhist prelates", "Revolutionary Idealism and Parliamentary Politics", "Sri Lankan Muslims: Between ethno-nationalism and the global ummah", Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism, "The Constitution of Sri Lanka – Eighth Schedule", "The Constitution of Sri Lanka – First Schedule", "Lanka heads for collision course with India: Report", "North East De-merger-At What Cost? In 1979, movie attendance rose to an all-time high, but has been in steady decline since then.[320]. By the end of the 19th century, a new educated social class transcending race and caste arose through British attempts to staff the Ceylon Civil Service and the legal, educational, engineering, and medical professions with natives. [196] With the constitutional reforms of 1972, the ACTC and ITAK created the Tamil United Front (later Tamil United Liberation Front). –, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Robin Conningham – Anuradhapura – The British-Sri Lankan Excavations at Anuradhapura Salgaha Watta È bufera su Barack Obama e Hillary Clinton che, nel condannare su Twitter gli attacchi in Sri Lanka, usano il termine "adoratori della Pasqua" invece di parlare direttamente di "cristiani". [333] Rugby union also enjoys extensive popularity,[334] as do association football, netball and tennis. Circa 500 i feriti. [237] Over 90% of the households in Sri Lanka are electrified; 87% of the population have access to safe drinking water; and 39% have access to pipe-borne water. The agency's evaluation for the first tranche was cautiously optimistic about the future. Sri Lanka experienced the first of many foreign invasions during the reign of Suratissa, who was defeated by two horse traders named Sena and Guttika from South India. The country's trade in luxury goods and spices attracted traders of many nations, creating Sri Lanka's diverse population. Most Muslims are Sunni who follow the Shafi'i school. [94], During the reign of the Rajasinha II, Dutch explorers arrived on the island. [346] Sri Lanka once held highest team score in all three formats of cricket. Read More, Colombo is the commercial and financial capital of the Sri Lanka. However, human rights has come under criticism by Amnesty International, Freedom from Torture, Human Rights Watch,[300] and the United States Department of State. Shaivism (devotional worship of Lord Shiva) was the dominant branch practiced by the Tamil peoples, thus most of the traditional Hindu temple architecture and philosophy of Sri Lanka drew heavily from this particular strand of Hinduism. Sri Lanka has approximately 9,675 government schools and 817 private schools and pirivenas. [150] Legends claim that it was passable on foot up to 1480 CE, until cyclones deepened the channel. According to the Mahavamsa, the legendary Prince Vijaya named the land Tambapanni ('copper-red hands' or 'copper-red earth'), because his followers' hands were reddened by the red soil of the area. [195] The Federal Party advocated a more aggressive stance toward the Sinhalese. [204] Each provincial council is an autonomous body not under the authority of any ministry. [285] A lack of responsiveness of the education system to labour market requirements, disparities in access to quality education, lack of an effective linkage between secondary and tertiary education remain major challenges for the education sector. [173], Flowering acacias flourish on the arid Jaffna Peninsula. [215] Sri Lanka played a vital role at the Asian–African Conference in 1955, which was an important step in the crystallisation of the NAM. After her visit, she said: "The war may have ended [in Sri Lanka], but in the meantime democracy has been undermined and the rule of law eroded." Mean temperatures range from 17 °C (62.6 °F) in the central highlands, where frost may occur for several days in the winter, to a maximum of 33 °C (91.4 °F) in other low-altitude areas. [107] The British quickly found a replacement: abandoning coffee, they began cultivating tea instead. This is a higher percentage of protected areas when compared to the rest of Asia. Moors comprise 9.2%. Statistics of Sri Lanka's forest cover show rapid deforestation from 1956 to 2010. Thereafter, Anuradhapura served as the capital city of the country for nearly 1,400 years. He was married to a Telugu-speaking Nayakkar princess from South India (Madurai) and was childless by her. The highest point is Pidurutalagala, reaching 2,524 metres (8,281 ft) above sea level. [77] His most famous construction is the Parakrama Samudra,[78] the largest irrigation project of medieval Sri Lanka. According to the German philosopher Wilhelm Geiger, the chronicles are based on Sinhala Atthakatha (commentary). Sri Lanka (UK: /sri ˈlæŋkə, ʃriː -/, US: /- ˈlɑːŋkə/ (listen);[13][14] Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා, romanized: Śrī Laṅkā; Tamil: இலங்கை, romanized: Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal and southeast of the Arabian Sea. [111], In 1919, major Sinhalese and Tamil political organisations united to form the Ceylon National Congress, under the leadership of Ponnambalam Arunachalam,[112] pressing colonial masters for more constitutional reforms. The railway network, operated by the state-run national railway operator Sri Lanka Railways, spans 1,447 kilometres (900 mi). In April, Sri Lankans celebrate the Buddhist and Hindu new year festivals. [123] In 2009, under the Presidency of Mahinda Rajapaksa, the Sri Lanka Armed Forces defeated the LTTE and re-established control of the entire country by the Sri Lankan Government. [261] During periods of decline, the Sri Lankan monastic lineage was revived through contact with Thailand and Burma. On 14 February 1815, Kandy was occupied by the British in the second Kandyan War, ending Sri Lanka's independence. In the same year, the group published Out of the Silence, which documents evidence of torture in Sri Lanka and demonstrates that the practice has continued long after the end of the civil war in 2009. [75][76] He built 1,470 reservoirs – the highest number by any ruler in Sri Lanka's history – repaired 165 dams, 3,910 canals, 163 major reservoirs, and 2,376 mini-reservoirs. The country is now known in Sinhala as Śrī Laṅkā (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා) and in Tamil as Ilaṅkai (Tamil: இலங்கை, IPA: [iˈlaŋɡaɪ]). Sono almeno 290 le vittime dell’attentato compiuto in Sri Lanka contro chiese cattoliche e hotel nella notte di Pasqua. [268] Around 7.4% of the Sri Lankan population are Christians, of whom 82% are Roman Catholics who trace their religious heritage directly to the Portuguese. [47][48][45], One of the first written references to the island is found in the Indian epic Ramayana, which provides details of a kingdom named Lanka that was created by the divine sculptor Vishwakarma for Kubera, the Lord of Wealth. His reign saw the massive migration of native Sinhalese people to the south and west of Sri Lanka, and into the mountainous interior, in a bid to escape his power. Le ultime due esplosioni sono avvenute nella mattina di Pasqua, in una via semi deserta per via del coprifuoco. [189] Of these, the Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP), established in 1935, is the oldest. [212] Sri Lanka became a member of the United Nations in 1955. [124] The pact proved ineffective in the face of ongoing protests by opposition and the Buddhist clergy. [60], Succeeding kingdoms of Sri Lanka would maintain many Buddhist schools and monasteries and support the propagation of Buddhism into other countries in Southeast Asia. [148] It is in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal, between latitudes 5° and 10° N, and longitudes 79° and 82° E.[149] Sri Lanka is separated from the mainland portion of the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait. The island has four biosphere reserves: Bundala, Hurulu Forest Reserve, the Kanneliya-Dediyagala-Nakiyadeniya, and Sinharaja. [257], Religion in Sri Lanka (2012 census)[258][259], Buddhism is the largest and is considered as an "Official religion" of Sri Lanka under Chapter II, Article 9, "The Republic of Sri Lanka shall give to Buddhism the foremost place and accordingly it shall be the duty of the State to protect and foster the Buddha Sasana". Sette gli attentatori kamikaze. According to Hindu mythology, a land bridge existed between the Indian mainland and Sri Lanka. [237] Population density is highest in western Sri Lanka, especially in and around the capital. [236] From 1948 to 1977, socialism strongly influenced the government's economic policies. [209] The districts are known in Sinhala as disa and in Tamil as māwaddam. The park also encompasses a range of micro-habitats which include classic dry zone tropical monsoonal evergreen forest, thick stands of giant bamboo, hilly pastures (patanas), and grasslands (talawas). [340] Former Sri Lankan off-spinner Muttiah Muralitharan has been rated as the greatest test match bowler ever by Wisden Cricketers' Almanack,[341] and four Sri Lankan cricketers ranked 2nd (Sangakkara), 4th (Jayasuriya), 5th (Jayawardene) and 11th (Dilshan) highest ODI run scorers of all time, which is the second best by a team. The number of biodiversity hotspots has now increased to 34. Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is its legislative capital, and Colombo is its largest city and centre of commerce. Provinces Among the trees of the dry-land forests are valuable species such as satinwood, ebony, ironwood, mahogany and teak. [293] Sri Lanka also has three deep-water ports at Colombo, Galle, and Trincomalee, in addition to the newest port being built at Hambantota. [178] Sri Lanka is the oldest democracy in Asia. Although partially reversed in 1958, the bill posed a grave concern for the Tamil community, which perceived in it a threat to their language and culture. Traditionally, after Thomas the Apostle's visit in Kerala in AD 52, Christianity is said to have been introduced via India because of its close geographical and commercial ties. [199], For administrative purposes, Sri Lanka is divided into nine provinces[202] and twenty-five districts.[203]. Subtropical evergreen forests resembling those of temperate climates flourish in the higher altitudes. While ensuring that it maintains its independence, Sri Lanka has cultivated relations with India. [313] Sri Lanka is the home to two main traditional cultures: the Sinhalese (centred in Kandy and Anuradhapura) and the Tamil (centred in Jaffna). [151][152] Portions are still as shallow as 1 metre (3 ft), hindering navigation. C'è un aspetto a dir poco "surreale" il giorno dopo la strage di Pasqua in Sri Lanka, nella quale sono morti 290 cristiani, mentre 500 sono rimasti feriti. Sri Lanka is a democratic republic and a unitary state which is governed by a semi-presidential system, with a mixture of a presidential system and a parliamentary system. Day and night temperatures may vary by 14 °C (25.2 °F) to 18 °C (32.4 °F). [72] During the medieval period, Sri Lanka was divided into three sub-territories, namely Ruhunu, Pihiti and Maya. The armed forces have been in a continuous mobilised state for the last 30 years. [262] [19][20][21] Its location as a major trading hub made it known to both the far East as well as the European continent from as far back as the Anuradhapura period.

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