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w bouguereau artist

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In 1856, the Ministry of State for Fine Arts commissioned him to paint Emperor Napoleon III Visiting the Victims of the Tarascon Flood. A third child, Jeanne, was born 25 December 1861. In 1839 he was sent to study the priesthood at a Catholic college in Pons. Working predominantly within the academic tradition, William-Adolphe Bouguereau earned a strong reputation in his lifetime as a painter of classic subjects, primarily that of the female nude, but his posthumous critical standing has often stood in contrast to his living success. Once installed in the city in summer 1875 he began Pietà, one of his greatest religious paintings and shown at the 1876 Salon, in tribute to his son Georges. A Portrait of Eug ne Bouguereau William-Adolphe Bouguereau • 1850 Dante and Virgil William-Adolphe Bouguereau • 1850 Lidylle William-Adolphe Bouguereau • 1850 During his career, at least, an astounding 822 paintings had been produced by his hand; making Bouguereau one of the most productive classical artists who ever lived. On 19 August 1905, aged 79, Bouguereau died in La Rochelle from heart disease. The couple married quietly (for many assumed they were already wed) on 24 May 1866. To fund the move, he sold portraits - 33 oils in three months. This pastoral theme, almost always a single peasant girl in a landscape, became the subject matter for which the artist became most popular. The name William Adolphe Bouguereau is known to almost everyone. He was admitted to the studio of François-Édouard Picot, where he studied painting in the academic style. He was revered in the town of his birth and undertook decorating commissions from local citizens. Academic painting placed the highest status on historical and mythological subjects and Bouguereau won the coveted Prix de Rome at age 26 in 1850, with his Zenobia Found by Shepherds on the Banks of the Araxes. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: [wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. To fund the move, he sold portraits – 33 oils in three months. By the early twentieth century, Bouguereau and his art fell out of favor with the public, due in part to changing tastes. Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was a French painter associated with Academic art and the Realist movement. Here he was taught to draw and paint by Louis Sage who had studied under Ingres. [7] He walked to Naples and on to Capri, Amalfi and Pompeii. As the quintessential salon painter of his generation, he was reviled by the Impressionist avant-garde. [13] He also used some of the religious and erotic symbolism of the Old Masters, such as the "broken pitcher" which connoted lost innocence. [4] To supplement his formal training in drawing, he attended anatomical dissections and studied historical costumes and archeology. In 1854–55 he decorated a pavilion at the grand house of a cousin in Angoulins, including four large paintings of figures depicting the seasons. [4] The son of Théodore Bouguereau (born 1800) and Marie Bonnin (1804), known as Adeline, William was brought up a Catholic. The artist commenced several paintings here and completed them in his Paris studio. Read full biography. [5], Bouguereau became a student at the École des Beaux-Arts. William Adolphe Bouguereau was a French academic painter. [27] Gold Rush tycoon James Ben Ali Haggin and his family, who normally eschewed the nude, made an exception for Bouguereau's Nymphaeum. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Index biographique des membres et associés de l'Académie royale de Belgique (1769–2005). Many of them managed to establish artistic careers in their own countries, sometimes following his academic style, and in other cases, rebelling against it, like Henri Matisse. He was soon the best pupil in his class and decided to become an artist in Paris. His reward was a three-year residence at the Villa Medici in Rome, Italy, where in addition to formal lessons he was able to study first-hand the Renaissance artists and their masterpieces, as well as Greek, Etruscan, and Roman antiquities. Credit Line A. In 1855, after his stay in Rome, he lived at 27 rue de Fleurus, and the following year rented a fourth-floor studio at 3 rue Carnot, near his apartment. He arrived in Paris aged 20 in March 1846. At this time, William took on decorative work at the Grand Théâtre, Bordeaux, which lasted four years. After his mother's death, and after a nineteen-year engagement, he and Gardner married in Paris in June 1896. Dante and Virgil in Hell (1850) was an early example of his great, Neo-Classical works. Throughout his life, but moreso towards the end of his life, Bouguereau describes art as the one true happiness in his life. [5] Throughout the course of his lifetime, he is known to have painted at least 822 paintings. All were unsigned and only one has been traced. The family moved to Saint-Martin-de-Ré in 1832. Some were viewed by international collectors and bought before work had even finished. I am convinced that the nude of Bouguereau was prearranged to meet the ideals of a New York stockbroker of the black walnut generation." He received the Legion of Honour on 12 July 1859. Bouguereau employed traditional methods of working up a painting, including detailed pencil studies and oil sketches, and his careful method resulted in a pleasing and accurate rendering of the human form. He had an elder brother, Alfred, and a younger sister, Marie (known as Hanna), who died when she was seven. His name was stricken from most history texts and when included it was only to blindly, degrade and disparage him and his work. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825–1905) York Museums Trust (b La Rochelle, 30 Nov. 1825; d La Rochelle, 19 Aug. 1905). William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. Bouguereau received many honors from the Academy: he became a Life Member in 1876; received the Grand Medal of Honour in 1885;[17] was appointed Commander of the Legion of Honor in 1885; and was made Grand Officier of the Legion of Honour in 1905. The family moved to Saint-Martin-de-Ré in 1832. William Bouguereau Paintings: Our Bouguereau paintings are 100% hand-painted on canvas by skilled artists. Still based in Rome and working hard on course work, there were more explorations of Italy in 1852. [30] In 1984, the Borghi Gallery hosted a commercial show of 23 oil paintings and one drawing. Artist William Adolphe Bouguereau Title The Bathers Origin France Date 1884 Medium Oil on canvas Inscriptions Inscribed lower left: W. Bouguereau 1884 Dimensions 200.7 × 128.9 cm (79 × 50 3/4 in.) Nymphs and Satyr (French: Nymphes et un satyre) is a painting, oil on canvas, created by artist William-Adolphe Bouguereau in 1873.. Nymphs and Satyr was exhibited in Paris at the 1873 Salon, which opened on 5 May, a year before the Impressionists mounted their first exhibition. The eurythmie of the human body preoccupies him, and in recalling the happy results which, in this genre, the ancients and the artists of the sixteenth century arrived at, one can only congratulate M. Bouguereau in attempting to follow in their footsteps ... Raphael was inspired by the ancients ... and no one accused him of not being original."[8]. [21], The artist planned to marry Elizabeth Jane Gardner, a pupil whom he had known for ten years, but his mother was opposed to the idea. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: [wiljam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. "[28], Bouguereau fell into disrepute after 1920, due in part to changing tastes. Most art historians now consider him a romantic realist. (129.2 x 89.2 cm) Classification: Paintings. All were unsigned and only one has been traced. However, he used to sign his works simply as William Bouguereau (hinting "William" was his given name, whatever the order), or more precisely as "W.Bouguereau.date" (French alphabet) and later as "W-BOVGVEREAV-date" (Latin alphabet). A. Munger Collection Reference Number 1901.458 Extended information about this artwork Even during the twilight years of his life, he would rise at dawn to work on his paintings six days a week and would continue painting until nightfall. [9] Bouguereau's graceful portraits of women were considered very charming, partly because he could beautify a sitter while also retaining her likeness. Artist: William Bouguereau (French, La Rochelle 1825–1905 La Rochelle) Date: 1871. Cupid and Psyche 1845–1850. Oct 15, 2019 - Explore Cindy Wiltermood's board "William adolphe bouguereau", followed by 210 people on Pinterest. His son Paul contracted tuberculosis in early 1899; Paul, his stepmother, and Bouguereau went to Menton in the south. In 1839, he was sent to study for the priesthood at a Catholic college in Pons. In the same year a major exhibition was organized by the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in Canada. From Clark Art Institute, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Nymphs and Satyr (1873), Oil on canvas, 102 1/2 × 72 in [3], William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. [5], When Bouguereau arrived in Paris in March 1846, he resided at the Hotel Corneille at 5 rue Corneille. [31][32], In 2019, the Milwaukee Art Museum assembled more than 40 of Bouguereau's paintings for a major retrospective of his work, which according to the Wall Street Journal, asked the readers to "see Bouguereau through the eyes of an age when he was lionized, and Impressionism was dismissed as 'French freedom.' Authentic photogravure print on holland paper, dating to 1889, as published by the Salon de Paris. He was soon the best pupil in his class, and decided to become an artist in Paris. Artist: William Bouguereau Title: Les Deux Baigneuses Medium: Fine Art Reproduction Giclee on Canvas Image Size: Approximately 20 inches x 12.5 inches Unframed on Unstretched Canvas Biography: "William Bouguereau is unquestionably one of history's greatest artistic geniuses. Bouguereau's work controversial more than a century after his death", "Bouguereau & America at The San Diego Museum of Art", Catalogue illustré des œuvres de W. Bouguereau, William-Adolphe Bouguereau: The Complete Works, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William-Adolphe_Bouguereau&oldid=995987731, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1905: Grand Officier of the Legion of Honour, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 22:59. In The King in Yellow, by Robert W. Chambers, he is mentioned in various tales as a teacher at the École des Beaux-Arts. He had an older brother, Alfred, and a younger sister, Marie (known as Hanna), who died when she was seven. [10] Thanks to Durand-Ruel, Bouguereau met Hugues Merle, who later often was compared to Bouguereau. In an 1872 letter, Degas wrote that he strove to emulate Bouguereau's ordered and productive working style, although with Degas' famous trenchant wit, and the aesthetic tendencies of the Impressionists, it is possible the statement was meant to be ironic. However, he died on 19 June 1875. 99. "[38], A Young Girl Defending Herself Against Eros (1880), Gabrielle Cot, daughter of Pierre Auguste Cot (1890). Their first child, Henriette, was born in April 1857; Georges was born in January 1859. [15] He was also a successful portrait painter and many of his paintings of wealthy patrons remain in private hands.[16]. In the 1980s, a revival of interest in figure painting led to a rediscovery of Bouguereau and his work. [3] Near the end of his life he described his love of his art: "Each day I go to my studio full of joy; in the evening when obliged to stop because of darkness I can scarcely wait for the next morning to come ... if I cannot give myself to my dear painting I am miserable. Bouguereau 84' (lower left) oil on canvas 82 x 43 in. He had fulfilled one of the requirements of the Prix de Rome by completing an old-master copy of Raphael's The Triumph of Galatea. The full text of the article is here →, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William-Adolphe_Bouguereau, Self-Portrait - William-Adolphe Bouguereau, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William-Adolphe_Bouguereau. From the 1860s, Bouguereau was closely associated with the Académie Julian where he gave lessons and advice to art students, male and female, from around the world. He married his most famous pupil, Elizabeth Jane Gardner, after the death of his first wife. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. William Adolphe Bouguereau (French, 1825-1905) Le jour signed and dated 'W. Active during the Victorian Era, Bouguereau became one of the foremost French artists of his time. Study for the ceiling of the Bordeaux Opera, by William Adolphe Bouguereau, French, c. 1859, oil on paper on canvas - Middlebury College Museum of Art - Middlebury, VT - … William also worked as a shop assistant, hand-colouring lithographs and making small paintings that were reproduced using chromolithography. [5], Bouguereau was an assiduous painter, often completing twenty or more easel paintings in a single year. The Salons annually drew over 300,000 people, providing valuable exposure to exhibited artists. Bouguereau became a student at the École des Beaux-Arts. There were decorations for the chapel at Saint-Clotilde. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). One of the leading 19th-century French painters working in the academic tradition, William-Adolphe Bouguereau produced scenes taken from classical, mythological, and biblical subjects, focusing primarily on female figures: goddesses, bathers, nudes, and Madonnas. William reluctantly left his studies to return to his family, now residing in Bordeaux. The master and teacher Buguereau here stands proudly in his studio, surrounded by his angelic creations. WILLIAM ADOLPHE BOUGUEREAU (French, 1825-1905) Fishing For Frogs, 1882 Oil on canvas 54 x 42 inches (137.2 x 106.7 cm... Auction amount: $1,762,500 Sold: May 15, 2012 [26] Two paintings by Bouguereau in the Nob Hill mansion of Leland Stanford were destroyed in the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906. Published in conjunction with the Art Renewal Center; William Bouguereau (1825-1905) was a highly important and influential French academic painter, who taught a long succession of gifted students, primarily at the private Académie Julien in Paris. Sources on his full name are contradictory: it is sometimes given as William-Adolphe Bouguereau (composed name), William Adolphe Bouguereau (usual and civil-only names according to the French tradition), while in other occasions it appears as Adolphe William Bouguereau (with Adolphe as the usual name). William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. Photo credit: York Museums Trust. Raphael was a favourite of Bouguereau and he took this review as a high compliment. In 1875, with assistants, he began work on a La Rochelle chapel ceiling, producing six paintings on copper over the next six years. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wiljam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. [5], In his own time, Bouguereau was considered to be one of the greatest painters in the world by the academic art community, and simultaneously he was reviled by the avant-garde. Bouguereau's works were eagerly bought by American millionaires who considered him the most important French artist of that time. $9.99 $ 9. Paul died at his father's house in April 1900, aged 32; Bouguereau had outlived four of his five children, only Henriette outlived him. Biography of William-Adolphe Bouguereau. For biographical notes and earlier works by Bouguereau see Part 1. In May 1878 the Paris Universal Exhibition opened to showcase French work. "[22], In the spring of 1905, Bouguereau's house and studio in Paris were burgled. That's why, with time, I changed my way of painting. Degas and his associates used the term "Bouguereauté" in a derogatory manner to describe any artistic style reliant on "slick and artificial surfaces",[23] also known as a licked finish. [11] Bouguereau's fame extended to England by the 1860s. At the age of 12, Bouguereau went to Mortagne to stay with his uncle Eugène, a priest and developed a love of nature, religion and literature. Bouguereau's works are in many public collections. Dimensions: 50 7/8 x 35 1/8 in. There he met a local artist, Charles Marionneau, and commenced at the Municipal School of Drawing and Painting in November 1841. View William-Adolphe Bouguereau’s 744 artworks on artnet. By August of that year, the family's permanent summer base was on the rue Verdière. When the stay was prolonged, the artist found a room in which to paint. "[29], The New York Cultural Center staged a show of Bouguereau's work in 1974—partly as a curiosity, although curator Robert Isaacson had his eye on the long-term rehabilitation of Bouguereau's legacy and reputation. Soon after Nelly's death, she made Bouguereau swear he would not remarry within her lifetime. In 1882, he decided that rather than rent he would purchase a house, as well as local farm buildings. Bouguereau was a staunch traditionalist whose genre paintings and mythological themes were modern interpretations of Classical subjects, both pagan and Christian, with a concentration on the naked female form. [5], Bouguereau flourished after his Villa Medici residence. During his life he enjoyed significant popularity in France and the United States, was given … William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. [21] His wife continued to work as his private secretary, and helped to organize the household staff. It was donated in 2002 to the Daughters of Mary Mother of Our Savior, an order of nuns affiliated with Clarence Kelly's Traditionalist Catholic Society of St. Pius V. In 2009, the nuns sold it for $450,000 to an art dealer, who was able to sell it for more than $2 million. Eight days later, Jeanne died from tuberculosis. Soon after work began there were riots in Paris, and Bouguereau enrolled in the National Guard. [20], In 1856, William began living with one of his models, Nelly Monchablon, a 19-year-old from Lisle-en-Rigault. Print has a " ghost impression " on back consistent with the inks used on front, and this is normal for a print of this age using darker inks. He also gained wide fame in Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Romania and in the United States, and commanded high prices. Bouguereau was laid to rest with Nelly and his children at the family vault at Montparnasse Cemetery. In mourning, the couple went to La Rochelle, and Bouguereau made a painting of her in 1868. Provenance with Goupil & Cie., Paris (acquired directly from the artist). William-Adolphe Bouguereau Biography. [23] To many, he epitomized taste and refinement, and a respect for tradition. Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty. It resulted in his commercial and financial success and Bouguereau died a very rich man in 1905. Her hair is neatly tied up in a blue velvet ribbon, her … His third attempt commenced unsuccessfully in April 1850 with Dante and Virgil but five months later, he heard he had won a joint first prize for Shepherds Find Zenobia on the Banks of the Araxes. 1art1 William-Adolphe Bouguereau Poster - The First Kiss, 1882 (36 x 24 inches) $17.86 $ 17. Academic painting placed the highest status on historical and mythological subjects, and Bouguereau determined to win the Prix de Rome, which would gain him a three-year residence at the Villa Medici in Rome, Italy, where in addition to formal lessons he could study first-hand the Renaissance artists and their masterpieces, as well as Greek, Etruscan, and Roman antiquities. [2] By the early twentieth century, Bouguereau and his art fell out of favor with the public, due in part to changing tastes. He also studied classical literature, which influenced his subject choice for the rest of his career. The family was installed in 1868, together with five servants and with his mother, Adeline, visiting daily. William-Adolphe Bouguereau, (born November 30, 1825, La Rochelle, France—died August 19, 1905, La Rochelle), French painter, a dominant figure in his nation’s academic painting during the second half of the 19th century. By this time, Bouguereau was turning away from history painting and lengthy commissions to work on more personal paintings, with realistic and rustic themes. He decorated a mansion with nine large paintings of allegorical figures. Yet, as we shall see, it was he who single handedly opened the French academies to women, and it was he who was arguably the grea… He arrived in Paris aged 20 in March 1846. Here he was taught to draw and paint by Louis Sage, who had studied under Ingres. Credit Line: Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887. Dante and Virgil in Hell (1850) was an early example of his neo-classical works. In April 1854, he left Rome and returned to La Rochelle. She died on 3 April 1877, and baby Maurice died two months later. Painted in 1884. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (30 November, 1825 – 19 August, 1905) was a French artist who demonstrated his drawing talent at a very young age. [14], Bouguereau received many commissions to decorate private houses and public buildings, and, early on, this added to his prestige and fame. Bouguereau explored the city, making sketches and watercolours as he went. $5.95 shipping. At the age of 12, Bouguereau went to Mortagne to stay with his … "[33] The exhibition later was scheduled to travel to the Memphis Brooks Museum of Art in Memphis, Tenn., and then to the San Diego Museum of Art.[34]. An early reviewer stated, "M. Bouguereau has a natural instinct and knowledge of contour. Throughout the course of his life, Bouguereau executed 822 known finished paintings, although the whereabouts of many are still unknown. In 1866, the year of his marriage to Nelly, he bought a vast plot of land on the rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs, and an architect was commissioned to design a grand house with a top-floor studio. [1] During his life he enjoyed significant popularity in France and the United States, was given numerous official honors, and received top prices for his work. See more ideas about william adolphe bouguereau, art painting, beautiful art. A fourth child, Adolphe (known as Paul), was born in October 1868. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, … He was admitted to the studio of François-Édouard Picot, where he studied painting in the academic style. In Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel The Sign of the Four (1890), the character Mr Sholto remarks, "there cannot be the least question about the Bouguereau. After a Mass at the cathedral, his body was placed on a train to Paris for a second ceremony. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. His uncle supported him and offered him jobs to create portraits for parishioners. Bouguereau spent the rest of his life here and at La Rochelle. Bouguereau found and borrowed twelve of his paintings from their owners, including his new work Nymphaeum.[5]. 86. Title is " La lecon " Artist is W. Bouguereau. The king admired the artist and they spent intimate times together. Prices for Bouguereau's works have climbed steadily since 1975, with major paintings selling at high prices: $1,500,000 in 1998 for The Heart's Awakening, $2,600,000 in 1999 for The Motherland and Charity at auction in May 2000 for $3,500,000. [5], By the late 1850s, he had made strong connections with art dealers, particularly Paul Durand-Ruel (later the champion of the Impressionists), who helped clients buy paintings from artists who exhibited at the Salons. In 1926, American art historian Frank Jewett Mather criticized the commercial intent of Bouguereau's work, writing that the artist "multiplied vague, pink effigies of nymphs, occasionally draped them, when they became saints and madonnas, painted on the great scale that dominates an exhibition, and has had his reward. The son of Théodore Bouguereau (born 1800) and Marie Bonnin (1804), known as Adeline, William was brought up a Catholic. Nonetheless, he succumbed to heart disease at the age of 79; in his hometown of La Rochelle on August 19, 1905. Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty. After an unsuccessful attempt to win the prize, he entered again in 1849. Even if someone has a mild association with art or is into a casual conversation with an art enthusiast, Bouguereau… Aged 15, Georges' health suffered, and his mother took him away from the bad air of Paris. Medium: Oil on canvas. To supplement his formal training in drawing, he attended anatomical dissections and studied historical costumes and archeology. The son of Théodore Bouguereau (born 1800) and Marie Bonnin (1804), known as Adeline, William was brought up a Catholic. His painting of skin, hands, and feet was particularly admired. The exhibition opened at the Musée du Petit-Palais, in Paris, traveled to The Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, and concluded in Montréal. [12] Three paintings were shown at the 1863 Salon and Holy Family (Now at Chimei Museum) was sold to Napoleon III, who presented it to his wife the Empress Eugénie, who hung it in her Tuileries apartment. More recently, resurgence in the artist's popularity has been promoted by American collector Fred Ross, who owns a number of paintings by Bouguereau and features him on his website at Art Renewal Center. To others, he was a competent technician stuck in the past. May 27, 2018 - Explore Linda Farmer's board "Bouguereau Paintings", followed by 111 people on Pinterest. Here the boy met a local artist, Charles Marionneau, and commenced at the Municipal School of Drawing and Painting in November, 1841. At the time, his paintings were considered far too idealistic to be grouped seriously into the realist category. Elizabeth, who was with her husband to the end, died in Paris in January 1922. His paintings are characterized by their incredibly smooth surfaces and the masterfully executed human anatomy, with particular attention to the female body. (208.3 x 109.2 cm.) Recognizing his talent and after being encouraged by a friend, his father took him to the Paris-based Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Nelly had a fifth child in 1876, Maurice, but her health was declining and the doctors suspected that she had contracted tuberculosis. [2] As the quintessential salon painter of his generation, he was reviled by the Impressionist avant-garde. It was a spectacular success and purchased by the museum at great expense. At 12 the boy went to Mortagne to stay with his uncle Eugène, a priest, and developed a love of nature, religion and literature. His work combines elements of neo-classicism, impressionism, romanticism and realism. See more ideas about william adolphe bouguereau, beautiful art, art painting. Following 106 days of competition, he again failed to win. [7] Comparing his work to that of his Realist and Impressionist contemporaries, Kenneth Clark faulted Bouguereau's painting for "lubricity", and characterized such Salon art as superficial, employing the "convention of smoothed-out form and waxen surface. William Adolphe Bouguereau was a French painter, best known for his realist depictions of the human figure set within Neoclassical and rustic settings. At the behest of King William III of the Netherlands, Bouguereau went to Het Loo Palace in May 1876. I am partial to the modern French school. [16] Paul Gauguin loathed him, rating him a round zero in Racontars de Rapin and later describing in Avant et après (Intimate Journals) the single occasion when Bouguereau made him smile on coming across a couple of his paintings in an Arles' brothel, "where they belonged".[24][25]. Although Bouguereau spent most of his life in Paris, he returned to La Rochelle again and again throughout his professional life. Save 8% on 2 select item(s) FREE Shipping. In many of his works, he followed the same classical approach to composition, form, and subject matter. William Bouguereau is unquestionably one of history's greatest artistic geniuses. [2] Throughout the course of his life, Bouguereau executed 822 known finished paintings, although the whereabouts of many are still unknown. During his life he enjoyed significant popularity in France and the United States, was given numerous official honors, and received top prices for his work. Bouguereau confessed in 1891 that the direction of his mature work was largely a response to the marketplace: "What do you expect, you have to follow public taste, and the public only buys what it likes.

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